IN TEXT CITATIONS

 
It is not enough to list the references you used at the end of your paper.  You must also indicate specifically which information came from which source. An in text citation is a shortened form of the full citation.  It provides enough information to lead the reader to the full citation in your References list (APA) or Works Cited list (MLA). This type of citation usually appears in parentheses at the end of the sentence which contains the quote, paraphrased passage, or information being cited. 
 
                              GENERAL RULES FOR IN TEXT CITATIONS
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Each entry in your list of references must also appear in your text. 

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Each in text reference must appear in your list of references.

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APA in text citations consist of the author's last name and the year of publication; direct quotes also require a page number.

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MLA in text citations consist of the author's last name and the page number.  The page number is always in parentheses.

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In text citations may be in parentheses or included within the text.

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In text citations may appear at the end of a sentence or within the sentence.

 
These rules will cover the most common citations within the text of your paper.  If in doubt, use the citation tools such as those mentioned previously.  NoodleTools will also give you suggestions for converting your full citation to an in text citation when you click on Parenthetical Reference, next to your generated citation.
 

Click here for examples of APA in text citations

Click here for examples of MLA in text citations

 


 

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